Constipation also known as Dyspepsia refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. Severe constipation includes failure to pass stools and progress to bowel obstruction. It is a common cause of painful defecation. The bowel movement differs from person to person. A normal person goes two to three times a day for bowel cleaning but, if a person who is without a bowel movement for more than three days is considered to be constipated.
Common causes of constipation:-

  • Inadequate water intake
  • Eating less fiber and large amount of dairy products
  • Stress and depression
  • Disruption of regular diet due to traveling
  • Pregnancy
  • Condition’s such as Parkinson’s disease
  • Over use of laxatives weakens the bowel muscles
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Eating disorders
  • Colon cancer
  • Constipated person should see the doctor if it is more than two weeks and get diagnosed with some tests like blood tests etc.

To deal with constipation:-

  • Eat well-balanced diet with plenty of fiber in vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grain bread, bran cereals.
  • Drink lots of water to stay hydrated.
  • Drink warm liquids in the morning.
  • Eat prunes and prune juice regularly.
  • Some exercises and physical activity is recommended for smooth bowel movement.
  • Gentle enema is also given.
  • Use mild softener or laxative as per doctor’s instruction.
  • These are some precautions to treat constipation.